n. v. scaled, scal•ing
a) one of the thin flat horny plates forming the covering of certain animals, as snakes, lizards, and pangolins
b) one of the hard bony or dentinal plates, either flat or denticulate, forming the covering of other animals, as fishes
2) any thin platelike piece, lamina, or flake that peels off from a surface, as the skin
a) bot
Also called bud scale a specialized rudimentary leaf that protects an immature leaf bud.
b) bot a thin, dry, membranous part of a plant, as the bract of a catkin
5) a coating, as on the inside of a boiler, formed by the precipitation of salts from the water
a) an oxide, esp. an iron oxide, occurring in a scaly form on the surface of metal brought to a high temperature
b) such scale formed on iron or steel during hot-rolling
7) to remove the scales from:
to scale a fish[/ex]
8) to remove in scales or thin layers
9) to encrust with scale
10) to skip, as a stone over water
11) den to remove (calculus) from teeth
12) to come off in scales
13) to shed scales
14) to become coated with scale
Etymology: 1250–1300; (n.) < OF escale < WGmc *skāla; (v.)scalen to remove scales from, der. of the n. II
[[t]skeɪl[/t]] n. v. scaled, scal•ing
1) wam Often, scales. a balance or any of various other instruments or devices for weighing
2) wam either of the pans or dishes of a balance
3) astron. astrol. Scales
4) wam to weigh in scales
Etymology: 1175–1225; < ON skālar (pl.), c. OE scealu scale (of a balance) III
[[t]skeɪl[/t]] n. v. scaled, scal•ing
1) a progression of steps or degrees
2) math. a series of marks laid down at determinate distances, as along a line, for purposes of measurement or computation:
the scale of a thermometer[/ex]
3) geg
a) geg geo sur a graduated line, as on a map, representing proportionate size
b) geg the ratio of distances on a map to corresponding values on the surface of the earth
4) wam any measuring instrument with graduated markings
5) the proportion that a representation of an object bears to the object itself:
a model on a scale of one inch to one foot[/ex]
6) relative size or extent:
planning done on a grand scale[/ex]
7) mad a succession of tones ascending or descending according to fixed intervals
8) psl edu a graded series of tests or tasks for measuring intelligence, achievement, adjustment, etc
9) math. a system of numerical notation:
the decimal scale[/ex]
10) Obs.
11) to climb by or as if by a ladder; climb up or over
12) to make according to scale
13) to adjust proportionately; match or relate to some standard or measure
14) wam to measure by or as if by a scale
15) to climb; ascend; mount
16) to advance in a graduated series
17) phv scale down (or up), to decrease (or increase) in amount:
to scale down wages[/ex]
Etymology: 1350–1400; (n.) ME < L scālae ladder, stairs; (v.) ME < OF escaler or ML scālāre, both ult. der. of L scāla, scālae

From formal English to slang. 2014.

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  • scale — scale1 [skāl] n. [ME < LL scala (in Vulg., Jacob s ladder) < L, usually as pl., scalae, flight of stairs, ladder < * scandsla < scandere, to climb: see DESCEND] 1. Obs. a) a ladder or flight of stairs b) any means of ascent 2 …   English World dictionary

  • Scale — Scale, n. [Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a shell, parings; akin to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG. scala, Dan. & Sw. skal a shell, Dan. ski[ae]l a fish scale, Goth. skalja tile, and E. shale, shell, and perhaps also to scale of a balance; but perhaps rather… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, n. [L. scalae, pl., scala staircase, ladder; akin to scandere to climb. See {Scan}; cf. {Escalade}.] 1. A ladder; a series of steps; a means of ascending. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2. Hence, anything graduated, especially when employed as a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scale — Ⅰ. scale [1] ► NOUN 1) each of the small overlapping plates protecting the skin of fish and reptiles. 2) a thick dry flake of skin. 3) a white deposit formed in a kettle, boiler, etc. by the evaporation of water containing lime. 4) tartar formed… …   English terms dictionary

  • Scale — (sk[=a]l), n. [AS. sc[=a]le; perhaps influenced by the kindred Icel. sk[=a]l balance, dish, akin also to D. schaal a scale, bowl, shell, G. schale, OHG. sc[=a]la, Dan. skaal drinking cup, bowl, dish, and perh. to E. scale of a fish. Cf. {Scale}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scaled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Scaling}.] To weigh or measure according to a scale; to measure; also, to grade or vary according to a scale or system. [1913 Webster] Scaling his present bearing with his past. Shak. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. 1. To strip or clear of scale or scales; as, to scale a fish; to scale the inside of a boiler. [1913 Webster] 2. To take off in thin layers or scales, as tartar from the teeth; to pare off, as a surface. If all the mountains were… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. [Cf. It. scalare, fr. L. scalae, scala. See {Scale} a ladder.] To climb by a ladder, or as if by a ladder; to ascend by steps or by climbing; to clamber up; as, to scale the wall of a fort. [1913 Webster] Oft have I scaled the craggy …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale-up —   [skeɪl ʌp, englisch] das, , Bezeichnung für die Maßstabsvergrößerung bei Anlagen der Verfahrenstechnik. Nach der häufig angewandten Ähnlichkeitstheorie werden bei der Übertragung von Laborergebnissen in den großtechnischen Maßstab möglichst… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • scale — [n1] graduated system calibration, computation, degrees, extent, gamut, gradation, hierarchy, ladder, order, pecking order*, progression, proportion, range, ranking, rate, ratio, reach, register, rule, scope, sequence, series, spectrum, spread,… …   New thesaurus

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